Photonics and Photovoltaics

This research field axis mainly brings together researchers from Light Engineering and Conversion team (i-Lum).

Objectifs

The Nanophotonics can be defined as the field of research that aims at controlling the propagation of light and its interaction with matter at the wavelength scale. These new concepts allow for the achievements of innovative optoelectronic functions, the characteristics and performance of which go far beyond the current state of the art of optoelectronics.

 

In the field of photovoltaics, research work is focused on the development of innovative materials and processes for high efficiency silicon solar cells, the development of thin-film solar cells, understanding the intrinsic mechanisms limiting conversion efficiency in materials of low purity and finally the contribution of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials for the development of 3rd generation solar cells.

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8
Professors and associate professors
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15 à 20
PhD students and postdoctoral fellows
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9
CNRS researchers

Prospective photonic structures and devices

  • Multi-resonant non-linear optical microdevices
  • Photonics for quantum information
  • 3D photonic microstructures

Photonic integrated devices and circuits

  • III-V/Silicon heterogeneous photonic circuits
  • Optical biosensors

Nano-objects and near field optics

  • Metallic-dielectric photonic structures
  • Optical nano-characterization
  • Optical forces

Photovoltaics

  • Electronic properties of metallurgical-grade silicon
  • Laser processes and innovative architecture of p-type or n-type silicon solar cells
  • Electroplating
  • Active dielectrics (surface passivation, antireflective coating)
  • Rear contact cells for concentrated photovoltaics
  • Silicon layer transfer on low cost substrates
  • Nanomaterials and photonic concepts for 3rd generation solar cells
  • Plasmonics

Keywords

Nanophotonics, MOEMS, Photonic crystals, Nonlinear optics, Microchip lasers, Quantum Information, Photonic Integrated Circuits, Near field, Ultra-thin silicon, Solar cells, Crystalline silicon, Epitaxy, Surface passivation, Nanomaterials, Nanostructures, Optical and electrical characterizations, Numerical simulations